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kccKC CHRONICLE   September 2022 Newsletter


Demystifying Cannabis Genetics

By: Jeff Krupkowski

Sourcing high quality cannabis genetics was once a dangerous and difficult proposition, but times have changed. Today, an unprecedented variety of cannabis genetics from across the globe are available to home growers. Regular seeds, feminized seeds, and auto-flowering seeds adorned with endlessly creative and unique names are sold by entities reputable and otherwise, both domestically and abroad. All were created by selectively breeding the three cannabis species: Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis. What follows is a description of their respective qualities to help the home grower choose what is most appropriate for their needs.

Unmodified (traditional) cannabis seeds are produced by pollinating a female flower (bud) with the pollen from a male plant, and typically have a 50/50 chance of becoming female or male. Some cultivators claim that when germinated under preferable conditions, a greater ratio of females to males can be achieved. Most specimens are easy to keep as mother plants, and don’t often suffer hermaphroditic tendencies under normal stress loads.

Feminized cannabis seeds are produced by pollinating a female flower with the pollen of a hermaphrodite. A hermaphrodite has male flowers originating from a female flower, created by stressing a female plant during bloom. This is usually achieved by over-ripening, or by interrupting the plants dark cycle with a light leak. Feminized seeds eliminate the need to identify and remove male plants from your garden to prevent seed formation in your flowers. It should be noted that it is quite common for hermaphroditism to become a genetic trait, with the offspring producing both flower sexes without the application of stress.

Auto-flowering seeds are hybrids between the sativas, indicas and hybrids known to North America, and ruderalis, a variety originating from Russia and Siberia. In this region, the growing season is very short and the day period during this time is 24 hours/day for about four months. This means ruderalis must bloom when the day length is well over 12 hours/day, and must do so quickly. When these traits are bred into sativas/indicas and their hybrids, a plant is created that many find more practical to grow since they finish fast and short, without requiring a timer for lighting. It should be noted that due to a lack of selective breeding and the difficulty in separating desirable traits, ruderalis varieties are typically of a lower cannabinoid concentration. To complicate this further, the addition of a third species of cannabis produces wildly unpredictable results regarding flowering times. Some may have a vegetative stage of varying length, and others will immediately bloom with lower ending yields. Compounding all these problems are breeders that create auto-flowering seeds that are also feminized. With this additional genetic caveat, plants become completely unpredictable. If such a specimen happens to be truly breathtaking, clones cannot be kept as mother plants to reproduce the same results. This forces the grower to either breed their own seeds, or continually purchase them.

Incredible cannabis genetics can come from any of the aforementioned origins, but it is important to choose what is practical for your growing environment and skill level. Keeping mother plants or breeding for seed production isn’t practical for most, and the type of seeds you purchase will determine what can you can do with them. Endless hours can and should be spent researching online forums and gaining insights through trial and error. However, In the end, it may be best to purchase proven genetics in the form of clones from your local medical dispensary professionals.

PRO TIP: Be certain there are no hitchhiking pests, molds, or viruses on genetics that you acquire by keeping a small quarantine area under observation for a week or so before introducing to your permanent garden. Thank me later.
TANNER ollez

Tanner Gard is a local from Independence and was a long time patient of KCC’s before he saw a job opening at the Blue Springs store and applied. Shortly thereafter, he was on the team and has been for 6 months. He attended Graceland University where he got a degree that aligned with his passion in Film and Theater. He hopes to one day combine his two passions and open a consumption lounge movie theater. After graduation and a short time in Lawrence, Tanner moved back to his hometown and started a family.

Like many of us, Tanner started using cannabis recreationally in college and did so until a little while after graduation. He then started to heavily cut back on his cannabis use at the recommendation of his doctor. Tanner was diagnosed with ADD at an early age and is no stranger to the pharmaceutical drugs that are prescribed for it. When he started to have issues arise, his doctor blamed cannabis. After a significant cut back in his cannabis use without headway towards any resolution, Tanner decided to take a different approach. He started to turn to cannabis again but this time he was reducing his pharmaceutical use.

Since making that adjustment Tanner has been able to explore the plethora of products on the Missouri market. Acknowledging that there is a right time for most any strain, his Mount Rushmore of cannabis is Lemon Skunk from the legacy market, Pink Fluffy Bunnies from Sundro, any Chem Dawg crosses, and Mango Haze from Proper. With consistent homeruns and an affordable price, Headchange is Tanner’s favorite manufacturer. In the end when we landed on his favorite company across the board, Tanner said that he finds himself coming back to Proper for their flower and delicious Honey Bee chocolates. With his knowledge of Missouri cannabis and his passion for the plant's effects, ask Tanner about his favorite products and he will point you towards the fire on our shelves.
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Headchange: Alfredo Mac and Cookies

“Alfredo Mac and Cookies - all the rich flavor without the calories! This carbo-centric strain is a cross of Terrapin strains Mac n Cheese, Headband Cookies, and White Poison. The badder is a vibrant shade of yellow with a whipped texture, similar to butter. Terpinolene, limonene, and myrcene are the top three terpenes in this strain, showcasing in a bright citrus, pine, earthy scent and taste profile. The mind immediately enters a racy, centrally-focused, vitalizing state of being most similar to Headband Cookies and White Poison. The body remains neutral, promoting a sense of hyperfocus and the ability to power through tasks. Given the heightened cerebral effects that take place, this strain would be best suited for daytime use, especially if an energy boost is needed. ” - Kassie Ferrero

back to school

DOC ollez

Ask Dr. Feeze

By: Cody Freeze, PharmD RPh

Meet our resident Director of Health & Wellness, Cody Freeze, PharmD RPH. In this monthly feature, he will field your questions around cannabis and the interactions with the human body. To submit a question, please send to info@kccannabis.org with the subject line "Ask Dr. Freeze."

Q: Are the active ingredients of a chemovar (or "strain") of cannabis always the exact same every time?

A: The short answer is not always, and not exactly. The long answer is much more complex!

While genetics from one seed breeder/manufacturer are generally regarded as stable, and many may be verified as such via lab analysis using a certificate of analysis (CoA), the active and inactive constituents may still vary significantly from source to source. In other words, one dispensary's source of, let's say "Blue Dream" flower could have entirely different concentrations of active chemical compounds than another dispensary's "Blue Dream." With whole plant cannabis and full-spectrum products, we have generally tens or even hundreds of active and inactive compounds. The ratio of these compounds can vary slightly or significantly from one source to the next. And, to complicate matters further, different dosage forms, such as edibles vs raw cannabis flower, will have different concentrations of various active and inactive ingredients.

Also, keep in mind each genetic profile (genotype of a chemovar/strain) may be unique and specific, yet the environment on when and how the plant is grown, harvested and eventually extracted and processed can activate different genetic tools in the plant's toolbox, and constituents can be lost throughout the processing of source material. This may cause the cannabis plant in question to express variations of chemical makeup that can be interpreted visually and chemically.

A common example is found with regards to the universally acclaimed and famed OG Kush chemotype. While multiple seed breeders claim theirs is the original OG chemovar, there are a massive number of marketed phenotypes that span a variety of medical and perceived effects, both positive and negative. The variation in genetic makeup, or genotypes, may even vary wildly from one manufacturer to another, but most commonly yield similar perceived relief and side effects! While the standard OG Kush effects can be reasonably agreed upon online using crowd-sourced open use data (e.g., Leafly.com), patients and providers will still be exposed to what may appear to be sometimes extreme variations in active and inactive chemical components! This is where the CoA lab data that is batch or product-specific become important for more precise patient care.

In sum, it's a lot more complicated than I'd have ever imagined! While this complexity can be seen as a hindrance, it is also a great strength. We are fortunate to have naturally-derived, whole plant cannabis and its product available in our state, offering a wide variety of relief of many ailments across a massive dosing window. That doesn't mean we should stop there! We need more data. Getting good patient and product data will become more readily available over time, and I can only hope Missouri and others continue to enact effective and safe measures to better help budtenders, healthcare providers, patients and caregivers the tools needed for the best recommendations and patient outcomes possible. Federal legalization eventually should allow more cannabis secrets to be determined through flow of research and access to more useful data. While these days are exciting and have a cutting-edge or medicinal "frontier" feel to them, it doesn't make for absolutely ideal patient care. I for one am very glad we have more to learn. We all are still learning, and that's okay.

Until these aforementioned "ideal situations" and caveats are fully realized and delved into, we will continue to learn and improve. I highly recommend keeping a digital or physical "strain diary" that details the chemotype and manufacturer of product used, batch potency, dosage form/route of consumption (e.g., flower vs. concentrate), doses used, helpful and/or negative effects, duration of relief, cost per dose, etc.). The more data we have generally results in better outcomes. Best of luck to anyone reading this, and as always, I appreciate your time.

“It’s not magic or mysticism, it’s biochemistry!”
hash it out
CHEF ollez

Infused Cooking with KCC

We here at KC Cannabis know how people love sweet treats -especially when they're infused! But not everyone knows their way around the kitchen as expertly as some of our talented staff. So this month, we want to bring you a simple yet delicious no-bake cookie.

Chocolate Peanut Butter No-Bake Cookie
- 1/2 Cup Cannabutter (Infused)
- 1/2 Cup Creamy Peanut Butter
- 1/2 Cup Milk
- 2 Cups White Sugar
- 3 Cups Quick Cooking Oats
- 3 Tbsp Cocoa Powder
- 1 Tsp Vanilla Extract
- 1/2 Tsp Salt

What you'll need:
- Wax Paper
- Saucepan
- Cookie Sheet (optional)

1. In a saucepan over medium heat combine Cocoa, sugar, infused cannabutter, milk, and salt. Stir until melted and combined, then increase to high-heat and boil for approx 1 minute.
2. Remove from heat and stir in Peanut Butter, Vanilla, and Oats until combined.
3. Drop tablespoon portions onto wax paper. Let stand until hardened.


What you'll need:
- Double Boiler or Saucepan
- 1 Cup Butter
- 1 Cup ground Cannabis Flower
- 1 Cup water (if using saucepan)
- Cheesecloth or fine strainer

*Decarb cannabis before using for infustion*
1. Set a double boiler to a low simmer
2. Combine cannabis, Butter, and water.
3. Simmer on low for 2-3 hours, keeping oil temp between 160º-200ºF. (Do not exceed 200ºF)
4. Once cooled, remove plant matter by straining.
TIP: Do not press too hard when straining - this will add chlorophyll, giving it more of a plant taste.

*Refrigerate few hours/overnight, remove any excess water that forms at bottom of container*

To calculate dosage for your infused product, there are online calculators like this one featured at hempster.com.


Decarboxylation (Flower)

What you'll need:
- Baking Sheet
- Cannabis Flower
- Grinder

1. Grind Cannabis flower.
2. Spread evenly on baking sheet, lined with parchment.
3. Preheat oven to 230ºF
4. "Bake" Cannabis for 30min. Cannabis should look toasted.

Decarboxylation (Wax)

What you'll need:
- Baking Sheet
- Concentrate

1. Preheat oven to 200ºF
2. Place concentrate in oven safe dish or silicone
3. "Bake" Concentrate for 20-25min, until wax is done bubbling.

Please email info@kccannabis.org to submit feedback, questions, or recipe requests.
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wedding cake

Kabunky: Wedding Cake

“When I first busted into my Wedding Cake by Kabunky, the smell test revealed a sweet sugary aroma with a hint of citrus that was reminiscent of a lemon sugar cookie. The smoke gave the slightest throat hit and remained smooth through a semi sweet exhale. I took a few hits and then I sat for a minute and imagined what this strain would offer in the oncoming high.

The high was extremely pleasant and it grew in complexity as time went by. I know complexity is a strong word to attach to the effects of a strain, but in this case complexed is the perfect adjective. It started light and uplifting with a slight bodily sway that became more and more relaxing as the hits kept coming. That sway soon grew into a pain relieving throb. As the body-high became stronger the head-high went from light to stoney, leaving my mind the ability to wonder and ponder.

Wedding Cake has been a multi-use strain for me with the ability to relieve my body during the day and my mind at night. That being said, I wouldn't say this strain is ideal for the typical daytime smoker who is trying to avoid any sedation. With the complexity of this strain I would also say portion control will go hand-in-hand with your personal experience but Wedding Cake is for sure a homerun for pain relief and an overactive, scattered mind.""


September Vendor Days & Sales Calendar

Plan ahead for all the great sales and Vendor Days!
September 1 September 2 September 3
September 9 September 10 September 13 September 17 September 20
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